By Tanguy Struye (10-01-2011)
L’Afrique n’a jamais cessé de susciter l’intérêt et d’attirer les convoitises des grandes puissances, faisant souvent planer le soupçon d’une nouvelle forme de colonisation sur une présence qui s’annonce comme strictement économique et marchande mais joue inévitablement sur un fond géopolitique. Dans ce concert d’influences, si les États-Unis et l’Europe gardent une place importante, la Chine se présente comme la nouvelle puissance, sans complexe lié au passé, sans états d’âme quant au bien-être des populations ou au respect des droits de l’homme.
Quel modèle préférer : le modèle occidental, qui associe le développement économique à la coopération au développement, ou le « modèle de Pékin » qui ne fait pas mystère de son pragmatisme ? À moins qu’il existe une troisième voie, qui aurait l’avantage d’associer la haute technicité du premier avec l’inépuisable main-d’oeuvre du second…
Cet ouvrage passe en revue les différents acteurs économiques en Afrique, évalue leurs poids respectifs, met au jour leurs enjeux et pointe les perspectives. États, entreprises, institutions entretiennent des rapports de force entre eux et avec les États africains. L’auteur offre une vision lucide sur le présent de leur engagement, et aussi sur ce que pourrait bien leur réserver l’avenir dans un continent au potentiel encore largement ouvert. Read more
Joint Study CEPS, EGMONT and EPC. Printed book: 25 euro. Order by e-mail.
Three years ago, three Brussels based think tanks thought it useful to join efforts in analysing potential implications of the Lisbon Treaty in the field of institutions. At the time that Treaty had not been ratified and the question of whether it would ever come into force was an open one. The result of their efforts was published in November 2007 as a joint study under the title The Treaty of Lisbon: Implementing the Institutional Innovations. It attracted the attention of policy makers, national and European administrations and the academic community.
Now that the Treaty has come into force and that the institutional innovations are gradually being implemented, the same three think tanks have thought it useful to revisit and develop their joint analysis. It is obviously too early to pass final judgment on the implications of the Lisbon Treaty on the institutional framework of the Union. Past experience shows that it takes a period of five to ten years to be able to exercise that sort of judgment. But some trends are already apparent. One aspect common to all European treaties is that, as a general rule, they are not implemented in the exact context, and with the precise objectives, in which they were conceived. This is due in part to the length of the ratification process, particularly significant in the case of the Lisbon Treaty. It is also due to changing circumstances. Two major challenges, which were not Read more
The Lord’s Resistance Army is Africa’s most persistent and notorious ‘terrorist’ group. Led by the mysterious Joseph Kony, it has committed a series of horrific human rights abuses, including massacres and mutilations. Since the mid 1980s, it is has abducted tens of thousands of people, including large numbers of children forced to train as fighters. The International Criminal Court in 2005 issued warrants for Kony and his top commanders, and the United States is backing a military campaign against the group. But the LRA survives,continuing to inspire both fascination and fear. Authoritative but provocative, The Lord’s Resistance Army: Myth and Reality provides the most comprehensive analysis of the group available. From the roots of the violence to the oppressive responses of the Ugandan government and the failures of the international community, this collection looks at this most brutal of conflicts in fascinating depth, and includes a remarkable first-hand interview with Kony himself.
More info, see flyer. – Order form.
(Photo credit: bookcover, Zed Books)
By Sven Biscop (10-06-2010)
In 2007 and 2008, Belgium was once again a privileged observer of the international community’s approach to peace and security, serving as non-permanent member at the UN Security Council. Participating in this ‘global core cabinet’ for the fifth time, it would build upon its historical expertise, especially in relation to Central Africa. Yet its role would not be limited to the region of the Great Lakes only: the government aimed to contribute in a substantial way to all major issues, ‘from North Korea to Haiti’, taking the role of ‘bridge builder’. Now that the Belgian delegation has exchanged its blue front row seats for regular red ones again, it seems a good time to look back and forward, assessing its recent performance and putting it into perspective.
This volume contains a variety of essays in light of Belgium’s 2007-2008 membership of the UN Security Council, covering issues that were high on the international agenda Read more
The success of the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) has been built on providing assurances that the trade in diamonds amongst signatory countries is based on diamonds traded legitimately, untainted by conflict and corruption. For this success to be durable there is a need to complement the commitment to policing the trade with concerted action to address the root causes of the problem of ‘conflict’ or ‘blood’ diamonds – the development needs of artisanal miners, diggers and their communities. They often live in abject poverty and are frequently vulnerable to exploitation. Effective development of artisanal diamond mining communities must be based on a thorough understanding of the inherent complexities that characterise the sector. This research coordinated by the Egmont Institute and undertaken in support of the KPCS Working Group on Alluvial/Artisanal Producers (currently chaired by Angola), involved many of the leading thinkers in this field. It makes a significant contribution to our knowledge on the sector, laying the foundations for a concerted work programme.
This report does not underestimate the challenges this sector poses. However, it emphasises the critical importance of this task because the integrity of the KPCS and all it stands for are dependent upon addressing the developmental dimensions of the diamond trade not just policing it. This work makes a significant contribution to our progress towards the vision of artisanal alluvial diamond mining communities that are conflict Read more
By Rik Coolsaet (25-02-2008)
Often dubbed as a ‘global threat’, most observers analyze the terrorist threat as a patchwork of self-radicalizing local troups with international contacts but without a central engine or any central organizational design. Jihadi terrorism is composed of one major root cause in an enabling global environment and a multitude of local root causes depending on the countries involved. Focusing on the situation of jihadi terrorism and radicalization in Europe, this volume looks at the growing tendency of self-radicalization and self-recruitment of individuals. It provides both a precise state of the threat as well as a thorough analysis of the radicalization process. Aimed at an audience of policy makers, academia and think tanks, it combines a theoretical approach with novel thinking and ‘out of the box’ policy recommendations.
Ghent University, Belgium and Royal Institute for International Relations, Belgium (ed.), Feb. 2008. Additional information about this book, including the list of contributors and the contents, can be found in the attached flyer.
Orders can be send via https://www.ashgate.com/shopping/title.asp?isbn=0 7546 7217 4
(Photo credit: hardcover, Ashgate, www.ashgate.com)
Over the last two years much intellectual energy has been devoted to the analysis of, and the potential solutions to, the constitutional impasse resulting from the failure to ratify the treaty signed in Rome on 18 June 2004. The European Council held in Brussels in June 2007 gave a conclusion to that effort by drafting a mandate which was to be “the exclusive basis and framework” for the work of a forthcoming Intergovernmental Conference drafting a “Reform treaty”. That conclusion was rightly considered to be a great success for the German presidency. The fact is that, over that two year period, much less attention has been given to the practical implementation of new institutional proposals included in the proposed treaty. Even a cursory examination indicates that the implementation of some of these proposals is likely to be uneasy, and in some cases could be a source of future problems or difficulties. This is why three Brussels based think-tanks have thought it useful to join efforts in analysing potential implications of the most significant proposals in the field of institutions. Seven issues have been identified, shared out and debated in working groups, and this publication contains the results of that collective effort. Our aim is to highlight, and if possible, clarify potential problems. We have worked on the basis of the Reform Treaty approved at Lisbon in October 2007, without wishing to cross the lines of the presidency or to pre-empt the conclusions of the ongoing process. Read more
The European Security Strategy (ESS) has become an important reference framework for the EU since its inception in 2003. Without strategy an actor can only really be a ‘reactor’ to even ts and developments. In the ESS the EU now has a strategy, with which it has the potential of shifting boundaries and shaping the World.
This volume explores this statement and examines the underlying concepts and implementation of the ESS as a judging tool of all the European Union’s external actions. Read more
By Tanguy Struye de Swielande (09-09-2007)
Coll. CECRI, P.IE.- Peter-Lang, Bruxelles, 2007.
(Photo credit: Congressman George Miller, Flickr)