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Africa Policy Briefs

Leaving the beaten track? The EU regulation on conflict minerals

By Jeroen Cuvelier (25-04-2017)

In Africa Policy Briefs

Since the end of the 1990s, natural resources have gathered growing attention as part of efforts to resolve enduring armed conflict in Africa’s Great Lakes region. This policy brief discusses the drafting process of the EU regulation on conflict minerals and argues that is especially important from a symbolic point of view. Read more

Building (regional) bridges for transitional justice

By Stephan Parmentier, Valérie Arnould (20-04-2017)

In Africa Policy Briefs

This brief is a summary report of the expert roundtable on ‘Exploring Opportunities for Enhanced EU-AU Cooperation in Promoting Transitional Justice’ held in Brussels on 28 September 2016. This event was jointly organised by the Egmont – Royal Institute for International Relations, the Leuven Institute of Criminology (Catholic University of Leuven), and Read more

The slow demise of the ANC: Political change, economic decline, and state of corruption in South Africa

By Robert Besseling (01-12-2016)

In Africa Policy Briefs

The primary consequence of South Africa’s August municipal elections has been the relegation of the once-dominant ANC party to a predominantly rural party that holds onto power through alliances with traditional leaders in rural locations.  Read more

Katanga: Congo’s perpetual trouble spot

By Erik Gobbers (12-10-2016)

In Africa Policy Briefs

Katanga, a former province in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), has experienced several periods of violent social and political upheaval since the colonial era. Multiple cleavages, Katanga’s mineral wealth, local obsessions with Read more

The rise of the street: the population of Kinshasa as an unpredictable actor in the electoral process

By Kris Berwouts (19-07-2016)

In Africa Policy Briefs

The protests that broke in January 2015 in various cities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) over proposed changes to the electoral law demonstrated the important role that disaffected urban populations can come to play in the upcoming elections in the country. Read more

Missing the target: The African Union’s mediating efforts in Burundi

By Yolande Bouka (30-06-2016)

In Africa Policy Briefs

In December 2015, following violent confrontations between the Burundian army and rebel groups, the African Union issued a communiqué to deploy a 5,000-strong peacekeeping mission. Read more

The uncertain promise of hybrid justice in the Central African Republic

By Valérie Arnould (03-09-2015)

In Africa Policy Briefs

The decision taken by the Central African Republic government earlier in 2015 to create a Special Criminal Court to prosecute crimes committed during the recent conflict offers promises of long-delayed justice. Faced with a legacy of long running armed conflict, poor governance structures, and numerous human rights violations – especially during the most recent bout of fighting in 2012-2014 – a Special Criminal Court can Read more

Chad and the West: Shifting the security burden?

By Celeste Hicks (07-07-2015)

In Africa Policy Briefs

Chad’s decision in January 2015 to send troops into northern Nigeria to fight the militant Islamist group Boko Haram brought the country into the international spotlight. Read more

Putin in Africa

By François Koch, Jean-Christophe Hoste (25-06-2015)

In Africa Policy Briefs

This Africa Policy Brief analyses why Russia’s renewed Africa policy is an extension of its political ambition to build strategic control over energy networks. African leaders insist that dealing with Russia diversifies their political and economic Read more

Understanding Burundi’s predicament

By Tomas Van Acker (18-06-2015)

In Africa Policy Briefs

On Sunday 25 April 2015, one day after the ruling Conseil National Pour la Défense de la Démocratie – Forces pour la Défense de la Démocratie (CNDD-FDD) party designated incumbent president Nkurunziza as its candidate Read more